Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives

Description of legal entity the legal entity and its main tasks

CEA (French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission) is a public body established in 1945. CEA is a leader in research, development and innovation, and is active in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. In each of these fields, CEA maintains a cross-disciplinary culture of engineers and researchers, building on the synergies between fundamental and technological research. CEA will be involved in the project through its LITEN institute, which is devoted to the development of innovative technologies for the energy transition. CEA LITEN has 950 staff, an annual budget of 130 million euros, and puts in place every year more than 350 research contracts with industrial partners from a wide range of market segments: energy, transport, aerospace, construction, civil engineering, environmental and IT industries, among others. Intellectual Property forms a major part of CEA LITEN activities, with a portfolio of 1,500 international patents. More than 200 articles are published every year in peer reviewed scientific journals.

Tasks and justification in INSTABAT

CEA will lead and coordinate INSTABAT project and the WP5 (Proof of concept multi-sensor platform), WP7 (Dissemination, communication and exploitation) and WP8 (Project Management). Besides, CEA will be involved in all other WPs with different technical divisions and laboratories from LITEN, e.g. the cell assembly laboratory in WP2 and WP5, the post-mortem analysis laboratory for tests to be conducted in WP2, WP3 and WP5 or the modelling laboratory for the development of models and BMS SoX cell indicators in WP4.

CV of the persons

Dr. Olivier Raccurt

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Olivier Raccurt is currently working on the durability and ageing mechanisms in the field of battery for transportation. Graduated in 2001 with a Master of Materials Science at the University of Science and National Institute of Applied Science of Lyon and in 2004 with a PhD in Physics, he has since 2005 been a permanent researcher at CEA LITEN, as materials expert. In 2015, he obtained accreditation to direct research (HDR) at “Université Grenoble Alpes” for his research in the field of physics and materials. In 2001, he started a research activity in the field of micro and nanotechnology on the development of chemical process, etching, cleaning and surface treatment for microsystems and biochip at CEA LETI in Grenoble. In 2005, he joined the Division of Nanomaterial at CEA LITEN to lead a research group on nanoparticle synthesis and luminescent materials. For 7 years, the focus of his research activity was on the synthesis of nanomaterials for renewable energy applications. Expert in different fields of technology (micro and nanotechnology, cleaning, biochip, photovoltaics) and materials synthesis (nanoparticles synthesis, coating), he joined in 2011 the laboratory of High Temperatures Systems in CEA LITEN National Institute of Solar Energy (INES). From 2011 to 2018, he had a group leader position and developed a new research activity on the durability of solar materials for thermal applications. Since June 2018, he has joined the Division of Energy and Hydrogen for Transportation at CEA LITEN in the laboratory of Post-mortem Analysis to work on battery durability and development of sensors for in-situ measurement. His research activities are now centered on the advanced characterisation, measurement of stress factors, study of degradation of materials and battery systems in real condition, accelerated test and lifetime analysis. The objectives of this work is to establish degradation law to have a prediction of the durability of materials related to their application. He has 55 publications in international journals, 103 international conferences communication and 23 patents. He is experienced as national and international project leader on materials synthesis and durability.

ORCID : Olivier Raccurt
SCORPUS : Olivier Raccurt

Dr. Sylvie Genies

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Sylvie Genies holds a PhD thesis from Grenoble Institute of Technology (France, 1998) on carbon-based negative electrode for Lithium-ion batteries. She worked from 2000 to 2005 for a Lead-acid batteries manufacturer. She joined CEA in 2005 where her activities are mainly focused on the understanding of the aging mechanisms taking place inside Lithium-ion cells. She has developed an expertise in post-mortem studies and in the coupling of internal reference electrode or external sensors (strain gauge). She has more recently been involved in the electrochemical characterisation of electrodes and electrolyte for the development of multi-physical models. She published 14 articles, 18 communications, 18 patents, 1 chapter and 2 educational books. She co-supervised 6 thesis including 3 in progress in 2020.

ORCID : Silvie Genies

Dr. Sónia Sousa Nobre

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Sónia Sousa Nobre received her PhD in 2009 on Photoluminescent Nanostructured Organic/Inorganic Hybrids in a co-tutelle regime between the École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie of Montpellier and the University of Aveiro. She is working since 2010 as a research engineer at CEA Grenoble. Her research interests include synthesis and applications of luminescent nanomaterials. She is the co-author of 23 publications and 12 patents.

Dr. Yvan Reynier

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Yvan Reynier is a battery expert and project manager at CEA. He works on Li-ion cells conception, sizing and prototyping. He graduated from Institut national polytechnique de Grenoble (ENSEEG, engineering degree) in 2001 then got his PhD in materials science in exchange at Caltech: “Thermodynamics and kinetics of electrodes for lithium-ion batteries” (2005, degree from Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble). He is author or co-author of 20 publications and 17 patents.

Dr. Mathias Gérard

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Mathias Gérard is the head of the fuel cell and battery multi-scale and multi-physics modelling lab from CEA LITEN. He received a MSc in 2007 (INSA Lyon) and a PhD degree in 2010 in science engineering (University of Franche-Comté). His main research activities include multi-scale modelling of fuel cell and batteries with upscaling methodologies to include degradation mechanisms into the system level (bottom-up approach) for energy management and mitigation strategies. He is active in EEEA (European Energy Research Alliance) by leading the sub-program Modelling in the program fuel cell & hydrogen. Moreover, he is involved in different European projects, both on fuel cell and battery modelling. He is co-inventor of more than 10 patents, author of more than 20 publications and supervisor of 8 PhDs

Dr. Vincent Heiries

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Vincent Heiries received the Master graduation degree from ENAC (French National School of Civil Aviation) in 2003 and the PhD degree in signal processing and digital communications from ISAE (Supaero). He has worked several years with THALES Space in the field of navigation satellite systems (GPS, GALILEO). Since 2012, he has been working at CEA and his research activities are mainly focused on signal processing applied to fault detection in electrical systems, and battery management systems. He is the author or co-author of more than 20 publications and main inventor or co-inventor of 12 patents.

Dr. Elise Villemin

CEA Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble Valence, France

Dr. Elise Villemin is currently working on the integration of sensors, based on optical fibers, in Li-ion batteries. During her first postdoctoral position in the CEA (Saclay, France), she has developed a new nanobiosensor based on the optical properties of functionalized single walled carbon nanotubes. Her research interests include synthesis, material chemistry (and particularly photo-responsive and luminescent materials), spectroscopy and electrochemistry. She authored or co-authored 14 articles and 2 reviews in international journals.

ORCID : Elise Villemin
SCOPUS : Elise Villemin
LinkedIn : Elise Villemin
Research Gate : Elise Villemin

LIST of relevant publications

  • M. Chandesris, et al., “Thermodynamics and Related Kinetics of Staging in Intercalation Compounds”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2019 123 (38), 23711-23720, 2019
  • N. Gauthier, et al., “Efficient sensitization of Ln3+-doped NaYF4 nanocrystals with organic ligands”, Journal of Nanoparticle Research,Vol. 15, p.1723, 2013
  • N. Wartenberg, et al., “Multicolour optical coding from a series of luminescent lanthanide complexes”, CHEMISTRY - A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, Volume 19, Issue 10, pages 3477–3482, March 4, 2013
  • P. Kuntz, et al., “Evolution of the safety behavior of Li-ion battery after aging”, EVS32 Symposium, Lyon, France, May 19-22, 2019
  • P.H. Michel and V. Heiries, “An Adaptive Sigma Point Kalman Filter Hybridized by Support Vector Machine Algorithm for Battery SoC and SoH Estimation”, 2015 IEEE 81st Vehicular Technology Conference, 2015

List of relevant previous projects

  • H2020 project BATTERY 2030+ (BATTERY 2030+: At the heart of a connected green society), where CEA is project deputy coordinator
  • H2020 project TEESMAT “Open innovation test bed for electro-chemical energy storage material)” where CEA is the project coordinator
  • H2020 project EVERLASTING “Electric Vehicle Enhanced Range, Lifetime And Safety Through INGenious battery management”, where CEA had the role of WP leader
  • H2020 project OBELICS “Optimization of scalaBle rEaltime modeLs and functIonal testing for e-drive ConceptS”
  • Horizon 2020 project NENUFAR “Next gEneration of eNergy storagE solUtions For more electricAl aiRcrafts”, where CEA is project coordinator

Description of any significant infrastructure

For INSTABAT project, CEA in particular use the following platforms

The BATTERY platform (3,000 sq. m of facilities, including 1,000 sq. m of dry rooms) is a technology infrastructure gathering all the tools required to develop and produce small series of Li-ion batteries at the pilot scale. R&D at the platform starts with identifying and synthesising materials to optimise battery performance and encompasses manufacturing the various components (such as battery electrodes and electrolytes), assembling the battery packs, and integrating them into complete systems. Battery safety is assessed via a range of tests that include total destruction of the battery. The platform has around 20 pieces of heavy equipment, including coating and filling machines and a test assembly line. The platform work focuses on lithium-ion battery cells and packs of all sizes, from tiny hearing-aid batteries weighing in at just a few grams to 300-kg electric-bus batteries. With a strong commitment to industrial R&D partnerships, the platform collaborates with several leading companies across the value chain.

The modelling platform called MUSES, which is a multi-scale and multi-physics modelling and simulation platform dedicated to the study of PEMFC, PEMWE and Li-ions Batteries, focuses on performance, safety and durability aspects. The different models of the platform, from material to system, are developed with a common material and physical database and a multi-scale methodology. The versioning and test cases for no regression of the platform allow model co-developing. In particular for the Li-ions battery, the atomistic and meso-scale (ANTILOPE environment) are focused on (1) the upscaling of ab-initio properties to the thermodynamic and kinetic of the electro-chemical reactions; (2) simulating performance, durability and mechanical swelling at the agglomerate scale based on real or virtual images. The microscale (EuROPIUM environment based on PDE equations solved with finite element methods, by Comsol multiphysics solver) focuses on linking the performance and durability at the: (1) electrode scale, by coupling electro-chemical with complex transport phenomena in the different phases with degradation mechanisms, in order to understand and optimise electrode design; (2) cell scale to optimise cell design and to understand and predict thermal runaway; (3) module and pack scale to validate the thermal conception and predict the thermal runaway propagation. The cell and system level (MePHYSTO environment based on ODE equations solved with a lump model approach and bond-graph construction, by Matlab/Simulink solver) is dedicated to lifetime prediction and optimisation of battery management in the system and battery pack optimisation sizing.